Verbs


What are Verbs?

Verbs are the most important words of a sentence.

Verbs are words that help to ‘tell something’ – about the subject.

Examples . – is,   are,   was,   will,   working,   sleeping,   talking,   etc.    Now – .


What is the ‘purpose’ of using Verbs?

The purpose of using Verbs is to describe – an ‘Action, or,State of Being‘ – of a person, place or thing.


TYPES of Verbs  .

There are two main types of Verbs – ‘Action Verbs, and,Helping Verbs‘.


Action Verbs – .

Action Verbs are words like – talk,   walk,   eat,   sleep,   learn,   present,   function,   radiate,   etc. – words that describe an Action – ‘a physical action, or,a mental action’.

Examples of ‘physical action of a person’ are – .

  • She cooks really well.
  • You should talk to him about this.

Examples of a ‘physical action of a thing’ are – .

  • The earth revolves around the Sun.
  • Trees emit carbon dioxide at night.

Examples of a ‘mental action’ are – .

  • He knows how to impress the judges.
  • I think you are right.

Helping Verbs – .

Helping Verbs are words like – is,   was,   can,   could,   are,   were,   shall,   should,   etc. – that help to describe – the ‘State of Being’ – of a person or thing.

Examples of the ‘State of Being’ of a person are – .

  • Amit is very happy.
  • They were present at that event.

Examples of the ‘State of Being’ of a thing are – .

  • The journey was quite tiring.
  • This book is very informative.   Now – .

TYPES of Helping Verbs – .

There are two types of Helping Verbs – ‘Regular Helping Verbs‘, and, ‘Special Helping Verbs‘.

Regular Helping Verbs are words like – is,   am,   are,   was,   has,   have,  etc. – that indicate the ‘Tense’ – of an Action, State or Condition.

Examples .

  • He is working on a new project.
  • It was his birthday yesterday.
  • I have your notes.
  • She has graduated from this college.

Special Helping Verbs are words like – can,   could,   may,   might,   shall,   should,   must,   ought to,   etc. – that express specific conditions like – ability,  possibility,  permission,  obligation,  etc.

Examples .

  • You can achieve all your dreams.
  • It might rain today.
  • We should complete our work by next Monday.
  • You must submit your application tomorrow.

Now, please note an important point .

A verb can have ‘many forms’.

For example . – the verb ‘work’ – can be used as – work,  works,  worked,  working,  has worked,  etc.

But, which form of this verb you should use – depends on – three things – .

  • Person.
  • Number. and
  • Tense.