Active voice – passive voice

In Active voice – the focus is on – ‘the subject’. – What the subject was, is ,or, will do.


  • She ate ,the apple.
  • They will complete ,the painting tomorrow.
  • She is treating , these patients.

In Passive voicethe  focus is on – ‘the action’. What is, was, or, will be done – to the Subject.


  • The apple,  was eaten ,by her.
  • The painting, will be completed ,by them, tomorrow.
  • These patients, are being treated by her.

When converting ‘Active’ to ‘Passive’ 

1. Object becomes – the Subject.

2. Forms of the verb – ‘be’ – are added, like – is, was, will be, being, and been.

3. Verb takes the past participle form.


Active Voice   –  We are processing  your payment.

Passive Voice –  Your payment  is being processed  by us.

Active Voice   –  We have sent  an email  to your ID.

Passive Voice  An email  has been sent  to your ID by us.

Active Voice   –  They asked  me  to present on this topic.

Passive Voice –  I  was asked  to present on this topic by them.

NOTE: Active to Passive can only be done with transitive verbs, since OBJECT becomes SUBJECT.